Energy Generation and Flow

This is ultimately limited by some basic physics, some of which we understand (Thermodyanmics) and some of which we don't (Chaos).

Even though a system may appear to be very simple, the behavior of that system might be chaotic.

There is an important difference between chaos and complexity , although the two are often referred to as the same thing.

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Complexity can have predictability Game of Life

Another Example

Chaos, on the other hand, is complexity which is undetermined, that is, the behavior of the system can't be predicted, or more to the point, can't be predicted without an infinite amount of information.

The elements of chaos theory are hard to describe. Here is an example called the

Chaotic Pendulum

For us, today some neutrally buoyant helium balloons floating around class today can also serve as an example of a chaotic system.

In Class Chaos Demo

Helium balloons and a demonstration of the principles of chaos:

So even though the helium balloon is a simple system, its motion and its interaction with other elements is chaotic.

Chaos seems to exist in a variety of natural systems to some extent or another


You can not subvert or change these laws:

The Zeroth Law (0): Systems are in equilibrium when they are at the same temperature.

See the Movie Modelling Thermodynamic Equilibrium: (

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The First Law (1): Energy is Conserved in a closed system:

The Second Law (2): The Law of Entropy:

To decrease local entropy requires work (energy).

  • Second Law applied to Power Plants
  • More on Thermodynamics
  • History of the Second Law
  • SecondLaw.Com

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